This week, we are going to summarize Amendments 21-27.
Amendment 21: Repeals Prohibition (Amendment 18)
Amendment 22: Limits number of terms a President can serve
Amendment 23: Provides the people of District of Columbia electoral representation
Amendment 24: Provides the right for American Citizens to vote without having to pay a poll tax
Amendment 25: Provides line of successsion should the President no longer be able to maintain office (due to death, etc)
Amendment 26: Provides the right for individuals 18 and over to vote
Amendment 27: Congress can not vote to increase their own pay and have that higher pay go into effect until they have to stand for their next election.
The Supreme Court
Now, let’s talk about the Supreme Court: The Nature and Jurisdiction (and how they have taken off track away from the Constitution) of the Supreme Court
- The Supreme Court is the 3rd Branch of our Federal Government.
- There is no limitation on how many Supreme Court Justices who can serve
- Currently, we have 9: 8 Associate Justices and 1 Chief Justice
- While there is no time limit (other than life: until retirement) for a judge to serve, they can only do so ‘as long as they behave themselves.
- Each Justice is appointed by the President of the United States
- The selection by the President for the Justices must be confirmed by the Senate through Confirmation Hearings
- Original reason for the Supreme Court was due to a lack of over-arching court assisting the states settle disputes between states and citizens of another country and a state within the United States
- The Founders were concerned about the Court becoming Politicized
- Pay system was set up to be fixed during their term, that could not be diminished during their term
- Judicial Restraint and Judicial Activism…polar opposites that identify how our Supreme Court Justices rule in their seats
- Hamilton/Jefferson viewed the Supreme Court from various points of view….
- Hamilton assumed the Judiciary would stay within the confines of the Constitution
- Jefferson assumed that because the Justices are human, nothing would keep them from doing what they wanted to do
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